What Make Us Different:
Although taekwondo is primarily known for it powerful kicking and striking techniques, the style has a host of grappling techniques no longer practiced by todays schools. Grappling is a generic term that covers a wide variety of techniques, including clinching, takedowns, throws, sweeping. Here at Seven Hills Tae Kwon Do we are focus on the traditional style and as such students are encouraged and expected to learn the grappling aspects of taekwondo.
Grappling techniques can be broadly subdivided into the following categories:
Clinching takes place with both competitors on their feet using various "clinch holds" (such as a Bear Hug, for example) applied to the upper body of the opponent. Clinch work is generally used to set up or defend against throws or takedowns.
A takedown is used by one grappler to manipulate his opponent from a position where both are initially standing, to a position on the ground. The grappler completing the takedown aims to end on top of the opponent in a position of relative control.
A throw is a technique in which one grappler lifts or off-balances his opponent and maneuvers him forcefully through the air or to the ground. The purpose of throws varies among the different disciplines of grappling with some emphasizing throws with the potential to incapacitate the opponent, while leaving the thrower standing, or to gain a takedown or controlling position.
A sprawl is a defensive technique done usually when the opponent attempts a takedown. It is performed by shifting the legs backwards and spread out in one fast motion. If done correctly one will land on their opponent's back and gain control.
There are generally two types of submission holds:
1) those that would potentially strangle or suffocate an opponent (chokes), and
2) those that would potentially cause injury to a joint or other body part (joint locks).
Securing or Controlling Techniques:
A pin involves holding an opponent on his back in a position where he is unable to attack. In some styles of competitive grappling a pin is an instant victory, and in other styles it is considered a dominant position that is rewarded with points. Other controlling techniques are used to hold an opponent face down on the ground or on all fours in order to prevent an escape or attack. Either of these types of technique may also be used as a prelude to a submission hold.
In a general sense, an escape is accomplished by maneuvering out of danger or from an inferior position; for example when a grappler who is underneath side control moves to guard or gets back to a neutral standing position, or when a grappler is able to maneuver out of a submission attempt and back to a position where he is no longer in immediate danger of being submitted.
Turnovers: used to maneuver an opponent who is on all fours or flat on their stomach to their back, in order to score points, prepare for a pin or in order to gain a more dominant position.
Reversals or Sweeps: These occur when a grappler who was underneath his opponent on the ground is able to maneuver so that he gains a top position over his opponent.
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